Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of CVD.
The first strategy to treat atherosclerosis is to modify lifestyle habits.
In the last decades epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated that diet plays a central role in the prevention of atherosclerosis.
What is atherosclerosis?
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside our arteries.
Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows the arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to our organs and other parts of our body.
Risk factors for atherosclerosis
High total cholesterol
High Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)
Low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in the blood
Has the Mediterranean diet cardio-protective pro...
In the medical field the diet has become one of the most important aspects to be monitored at all stages of the life.
Diet-related chronic diseases - such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer are the most common cause of death in the world and present a great burden for society.
The prevention and treatment of many diseases through diet finds more and more acceptance among physicians and patients.
The Mediterranean diet is the most comprehensively researched and scientifically validated diet in human history.
The most widely researched health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are the reduction in cardiovascular disease, the prevention of Type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, cognitive impairment, unipolar depression and cancer.
In fact,a meta- analysis of more than 1.5 million healthy adults demonstrated that following a Mediterranean diet was associated with a reduced risk of death from heart disease and cancer, as well as a reduced incidence of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's...
The Mediterranean Diet is a manly but not dogmatically, exclusive plant-based dietary pattern.
In 2010 UNESCO inscribed this diet on the World Heritage Listing in recognition of the importance of this cultural eating pattern to the health and longevity of Mediterranean populations.
The Mediterranean diet is not a creation of some doctors or nutritionists, nor is it a passing fad, it's a centuries-old eating lifestyle originally followed by the people living in the Mediterranean area.
The traditional Mediterranean Diet is characterised by:
High consumption of vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes and unprocessed cereals
Moderate consumption of fish
Moderate to low consumption of white meat
Low consumption of dairy products (with the exception of yogurt and long - preservable cheeses)
Very low consumption of red meat
Alcohol consumption is common in the traditional Mediterranean diet, but generally in moderation and in...